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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 10-13

A critical review on Sushruta’s surgical ethics


Department of Shalyatantra, Mahatma Gandhi Ayurved College Hospital and Research Centre, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (DU), Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Pooja P Shrivastav
Department of Shalyatantra, Mahatma Gandhi Ayurved College Hospital and Research Centre, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (DU), Wardha, Maharashtra.
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JISM.JISM_5_20

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Ethics is the branch of philosophy, which involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conducts for the individual and for the society. It establishes the nature of obligations, or the duties that people are obliged to themselves and to one another. Sushrut Samhita is considered to be the oldest literature available for surgery, wherein Acharya Sushrut has emphasized various surgical ethics in the form of Sadvrutta. This study was aimed to explore the ethics of surgery (Shalyakriya) mentioned by Acharya Sushrut. The method followed for this was thorough analysis of Sushrut Samhita and Internet surfing from various research articles. It was found that in Sushrut Samhita, the maximum information pertaining to ethics of surgery was mentioned in Sutrasthan, and the main concern of Sushrut behind explaining all the ethics was utmost care of the patient by creating efficient surgeons. The ethical concept described by Sushruta includes general ethics; professional and academic ethics; preoperative, operative, and postoperative ethics; ethics of experimental surgery; and ethics in emergency. The concepts described by him are valid even in current clinical practice today.


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