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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 193-200

Concept of Genetics in Ayurveda

1 Associate Professor, Dept. of Rachana-Sharir, Mahatma Gandhi Ayurved College, Hospital & Research Centre, Wardha, India
2 Professor & H.O.D., Dept. of Rachana Sharir, Sumatibhai Shah Ayurved College, Malwadi, Hadapsar, Pune-411028, India

Correspondence Address:
Sachin G Khedikar
Associate Professor, Dept. of Rachana-Sharir, Mahatma Gandhi Ayurved College, Hospital & Research Centre, Wardha
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Genetics or genesis is the study of genes, heredity and variation in living organisms. The word genetics is derived from the Ancient Greek word genetikos meaning ‘genitive’, ‘generative’ or ‘origin’. It intersects frequently with many of the life sciences and is strongly linked with the study of information systems. Modern embryology is greatly advanced in this field and describes each aspect about formation of Embryo & its development as a full term neonate with the help of Karyotyping. But the main objective of Garbhasharir described by Ayurvedic compendia is Suprajanan. And this makes the difference between Ayurved and Modern embryology because modern science only deals with structural teratogenesity of bodily organs while Ayurveda states about Structural, Physical and Mental status of a Foetus after its birth. There are several references of Garbhasharir which are quoted in Brihattrayee and their commentaries as well as in different Ayurveda texts that need to be interpreted in proper way to make them applicable for our science and society too. The concepts of Ayurveda genetic theory are beautifully described in various chapters of Sharirsthana of Samhita. The Abiogenesis described by Sushruta is one of best in Ayurveda literature. Almost all the topics about genesis are explained in Ayurveda compendia, the need is to comprehend this knowledge on the basis of present theory of Genetics.

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