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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 155-160

Abhava Pratinidhi Dravya (substitutes for herbal drugs) acting on digestive system - A brief review


1 JR2, Dept. of Dravyaguna, Mahatma Gandhi Ayurved College Hospital and Research Centre, salod (H), Wardha (M.S.), India
2 Asso. Professor, Dept. of Dravyaguna, Mahatma Gandhi Ayurved College Hospital and Research Centre, salod (H),Wardha (M.S.), India
3 Asso. Professor, Dept. of Dravyaguna, Mahatma Gandhi Ayurved College Hospital and Research Centre, salod (H), Wardha (M.S.), India

Correspondence Address:
Sneha Vidhate
JR2, Dept. of Dravyaguna, Mahatma Gandhi Ayurved College Hospital and Research Centre, salod (H), Wardha (M.S.)
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Pratinidhi Dravyas (substitutes for herbal drugs) are narrated in Ayurvedic classical texts when original or a form of drug is not available. In Ayurveda there are many drugs combined in single formulation, some of them were difficult to get and some species got destroyed with development of civilization and industrialization. This resulted in scarcity and less availability of the ingredient in the formulation which may cause a drastic or no effect of formulation at all. Hence ancient seers of Ayurveda advised some drugs which can be used when other drug with similar properties is not available for medicinal purpose. Such drugs are known as Pratinidhi or substitute drugs. This concept is based on Ayurveda principles and is referred from one of the Laghutrayi, Bhavprakash, Yogratnakar and Bhaishajya ratnawali. As the list of substitute is first of its kind and this Nighantu is considered as latest among classical work in Dravyaguna Shastra. Substitute drugs also known as Abhav pratinidhi dravya (Drugs Substitute) should possess similar guna (properties) i.e. Rasapanchak and proven on the basis of pharmaco-therapeutically activity. In Ayurveda Pachan Samstha (digestive system) is the most important system considered for both initiation as well as treatment of numerous diseases. Most of Ayurvedic formulations are administered orally, hence in present work an attempt has been made to present brief review of Abhav Pratinidhi Dravya acting on digestive system. Post 16th century Ayurvedic texts and lexicons give specific examples of possible substitutes. Understanding the logic behind the Ayurvedic concept of Abhava Pratinidhi Dravya (APD) (drug substitution) could lead to new methods of identifying legitimate drug alternatives, and help solve industry’s problems ofcrude drug shortage.


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