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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 226-229

Physiological action of Sneha Nasya - A critical review

Asso. Professor, Sharirkriya Dept., Govt. Ayurved College, Nanded, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Jatved J Pawar
Asso. Professor, Sharirkriya Dept., Govt. Ayurved College, Nanded, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Ayurveda has described two fold treatments for diseased condition, Shodhana (elimination) and Shamana (alleviation) Karma. Shodhana includes Panchakarma (five procedures of treatment) which is used to purify the body by removing the vitiated Doshas (bio-energies) of body. All five Panchakarma procedures act specifically on specific Doshas. Sneha nasya (errhine) i.e. administration of medicated oil through nasal cavities is one of Panchakarma procedures which specifically used to treat Urdhvajatrugatavyadhi (diseases of head and neck region) generated by vitiated Kapha dosha. According to Ayurveda, as nose is gateway of cranial cavity, it can provide direct connectivity to cranial cavity and can conveys administered medicine to nose directly to cranial cavity. This is why; Nasyakarma is used to treat diseases of head region produced by vitiated Kaphadosha. Medicated Sneha has lipid soluble substances which gets easily absorbed by mucous membrane of nasal cavity and get easily transmitted to cranial cavity. The anatomical connectivity of nose with cranial cavity has been proved by modern science also. The direct nerve supply from CNS and the rich vascular supply to nasal cavity help to understand probable mode of action of Nasya Karma. Understanding of physiological action of Snehanasya Karma can help us to develop more specific and more effective medicines for various Urdhvajatrugatvyadhi.

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