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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 71-74

Pharmacognostic and phytochemical studies on the leaves of Khanduchakka (Ehretia laevis Roxb)-A folklore plant


1 Professor. Department of Dravyaguna Vigyan, Mahatma Gandhi Ayurved College, Hospital and Research Centre, Salod (H.), Wardha, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of Shalakya tantra, R.D. Memorial PG Ayurved College, Bhopal, India
3 PG Scholar, Department of Dravyaguna Vigyan, Mahatma Gandhi Ayurved College, Hospital and Research Centre, Salod (H.), Wardha, India

Correspondence Address:
Pramod Khobragade
Professor. Department of Dravyaguna Vigyan, Mahatma Gandhi Ayurved College, Hospital and Research Centre, Salod (H.), Wardha
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Ehretia laevis Roxb. is a small rare tree, member of Boraginaceae family of Indian medicinal plant .It is high valued medicinal plant and becoming rare in the state of Maharashtra. In various ethano-medicinal survey of medicinal plants used by traditional healers in various region with different vernaculars name in India. The leaves of E.laevis which is well- known as Khanduchakka and commonly used by tribal as well as urban people in Wardha district of Maharashtra for wound management, minor fracture and joint pain with surprising effect. The present study deals with the pharmacognostic and preliminary phytochemical studies of leaves. The preliminary phytochemical studies indicate the presence of phenolic compounds, saponins and alkaloid. The T.S of leaf and powder microscopic examination shows the presence of epidermis, parenchymatous cells, vascular bundle and unicellular trichomes. The important diagnostic features of the powder include anomocytic stomata, unicellular uniserriate trichome, and calcium oxalate crystals. The pharmacognostic features examined in the present study may serve as tool for identification of the plant for validation of the raw material and establishing the standard which is an integral part of establishing the correct identity and quality of a crud drug in coming days.


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