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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 40-41

Intestinal Microbiota - The Concept of Sahaja Krimi


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Kaumarabhritya, Mahatma Gandhi Ayurved College, Hospital & ResearchCentre, Wardha, Maharshtra, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of Kaumarabhritya, Mahatma Gandhi Ayurved College, Hospital & ResearchCentre, Wardha, Maharshtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Srihari Sheshagiri
Assistant Professor, Department of Kaumarabhritya, Mahatma Gandhi Ayurved College, Hospital & Research Centre, Wardha, Maharshtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Intestinal microbiota is the essential form of micro-organisms which cater varied physiological functions starting from metabolism to immunity. Austrian paediatrician Theodor Escherich was perhaps the first to discover a type of bacteria in both healthy and diseased children in around 1880’s andlater the bacteria was named upon him as Escherichia Coli.[1] Microbiota comprises of bacteria, viruses, archaea and other unicellular eukaryotes, [2] among which bacteria are of majority which is populated to 1014 cells and are almost 10 times more than the number of human cells present in the body. [3] The total number of these microbiome in gut ranges up to 100 trillion, belonging to different bacterial species which are estimated to be around 200 to 1000 in number. [4] However, 99% of these 100 trillion species belong to 3040 species only. [5] The recent era has now focused on the importance of understanding the role of these microbiota in both health and disease aspect. Indeed, it is this human microbiome (all group of microbiota) which contribute to the specific genetic representation of a particular individual. [1] A great number of research works have garnered significant knowledge about them in due course, which indeed is a due to strong development of technology.


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