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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 217-223

Knowledge, awareness, and attitudes about organ donation among adults in Deoli taluka of Wardha district

Department of Kriya Sharir, Mahatma Gandhi Ayurved College Hospital and Research Centre, Salod (H), Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jagruti N Chaple
Department of Kriya Sharir, Mahatma Gandhi Ayurved College Hospital and Research Centre, Salod (Hirapur), Wardha, Maharashtra.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JISM.JISM_62_19

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Background: Organ transplantation is the most favored treatment for many of the end-stage organ diseases. The necessity for the organ transplantation is higher than the availability. For the transplantation program to be successful, awareness about organ donation is considered necessary and people must have a positive attitude toward donating organs. Aim: This study aimed to assess the awareness and attitudes about organ donation among the rural population and to estimate the sociodemographic factors linked with their awareness. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, awareness, and attitudes about organ donation among populace in Deoli taluka, Wardha, Maharashtra, India. Study Setting and Design: This was a community-based survey study carried out in Deoli taluka, Wardha. Study included persons older than 21 years. Arranged questionnaire was used to collect the outcome. The questionnaire was translated in local language to make them friendly and easy to understand. The sample size taken was convenient and feasible. Materials and Methods: This community-based cross-sectional study was held among young adults older than 21 years in Deoli taluka and they were individually interviewed based on predesigned ordered questionnaire. Data for this survey were collected by door-to-door visit and random sampling using a structured questionnaire through interviewing and observation during Community Health Care Program from Mahatma Gandhi Ayurved College Hospital and Research Centre. The responses were collected and analyzed. Statistical Analysis: Stage-wise variables, for example, gender, education, age, occupation, religion, and awareness on organ donation are shown in percentage. Data was analyzed by using descriptive statistics. Result: Out of 200 participants, 75% were aware and 25% were not aware about organ donation. Among these 150 participants, highest range of awareness was found in the age group of 40–60 years (81%) in which 68% were men and 32% were women. The majority of rural population believes that the reason of organ donation is to save life. Most of the respondents (50%) were ready to donate their organs immediately after death. In our study, 57% were men, whereas 43% were women. Among the respondents who denied donating organs, unawareness and fear were the common reasons. Friends and relatives are the most common sources of knowledge for awareness. Conclusion: This study shows that there is a peaky attentiveness about organ donation among young adults and a good number of the respondents are agreed to make a contribution in donating organs.

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