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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 266-276

Kampillaka (Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Muell. Arg.), an overlooked plant of ayurveda pharmacopoeia: A review


Department of Dravyaguna, I.P.G.T. and R.A., Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mital Mansukhbhai Buha
I.P.G.T. and R.A., Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar 361008, Gujarat.
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JISM.JISM_107_20

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Introduction: KampillakaMallotus philippensis (Lam.) Muell. Arg. of family Euphorbiaceae, is one of the best drugs of Ayurveda, known for its use in krimiroga (worms). Materials and Methods: This article delineates about the various aspects of Kampillaka, being collected from 20 Nighantu (lexicons), 18 Rasagrantha (compendia related to Rasashastra), 09 Chikitsa grantha (Compendia), and 08 Samhita (treaties). For its identification, about 46 Paryaya (synonyms) were attributed, highlighting its morphological characteristics and pharmacological properties and actions. Result and Discussion: Kampillaka possesses Katu Rasa, Laghu guna, Ushna Veerya, Katu vipaka, and kapha nashaka properties and Bhedi, Deepana, Grahi, and Rechi (Patra shaka) actions. It has been indicted in more than 22 disease conditions where maximum texts recommend it in Krimi Roga (Worm), Vrana (Wound), Gulma (Abdominal lump), Adhmana (Distention), Vibandha (Constipation), Jvara (Fever) etc. Kampillaka as an ingredient has been included in 128 formulations; as recorded in 35 classical texts of Ayurveda through 64 and 42 formulations in internal and external administration, respectively; in more than 14 dosages form where the maximum are in Churna (31), Taila (24), Ghrita (20), Gutika (10), Lepa (10) etc. Its incompatibility with buttermilk has been highlighted in Charka Samhita. Conclusion: The observation of the current review may be helpful, proving a base to find out therapeutic application of the Kampillaka for the management of certain disease conditions such as wounds, skin disease, worm infestation etc., which have been highlighted in classical texts.


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