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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 28-32

Experimental brine shrimp (Artemia Salina) lethality assay to evaluate the drug incompatibility on combined administration of Kakamachi (Solanum nigrum) and Madhu (honey)


1 Department of Dravyaguna, Rajiv Gandhi Education Society’s Ayurvedic Medical College, Hospital, Post Graduation Studies and Research Centre, Rona, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Panchakarma, Rajiv Gandhi Education Society’s Ayurvedic Medical College, Hospital, Post Graduation Studies and Research Centre, Rona, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Manjunath N Ajanal
Rajiv Gandhi Education Society’s Ayurvedic Medical College, Hospital, Post Graduation Studies and Research Centre, Ron, Karnataka.
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JISM.JISM_82_20

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Background: Drug incompatibility is one of the major causes of adverse drug reaction (ADR) or drug-induced toxicity in Ayurveda. In fact, this science has given special importance to such drug-induced issues and grouped them under the concept of Viruddha (drug incompatibility) and provided many measures to avoid them in clinical practice; one such example is a combination of fruits of Kakamachi (Solanum nigrum [SN]) and honey. The toxicity of this combination was not assessed; thus, the present study was planned to assess the toxic effect of the combined administration of fruits of Kakamachi and honey on brine shrimp lethality assay. Aims: To evaluate the brine shrimp lethality activity of the combined drug administration of fruits of Kakamachi and honey. Materials and Methods: Authentic brine shrimp eggs were laboratory cultured in artificially prepared saline sea water, and hatched brine shrimp nauplii were subjected to different concentrations of the combination to evaluate the LC50 and lethality assay. Results and conclusion: The study demonstrated that LC50 of fruit powder of SN and honey has shown potential cytotoxic effects at a dose of 0.57 mg on brine shrimp nauplii.


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