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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 90-96

Review on the importance of Mutra (urine) in Visha Chikitsa (treatment of poison)


P.G. Department of Agad Tantra, National Institute of Ayurveda, Amer Road, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Narsingh Patel
P.G. Department of Agad Tantra, National Institute of Ayurveda, Amer Road, Jaipur 302002, Rajasthan.
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jism.jism_32_21

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The present review is aimed at providing comprehensive information about Mutra of different animals that are used as a medicine for the treatment of different kinds of animate and inanimate poison, in the contemporary context. Different Ayurveda texts such as Charak Samhita, Sushruta Samhita, Ashtang Sangraham, Ashtang Hridayam etc. and their respective commentaries in Sanskrit as well as Hindi that have been referred for this literary work are compiled. Articles on different websites are also combined for this study. For the discussion, all of the gathered information has been reorganized and critically evaluated, with the aim of drawing some useful conclusions. The review method adopted was a critical review, in which classical and contemporary literature pertaining to pollution was extensively researched and critically evaluated. The conceptual contribution of Ayurveda in defining the antitoxic properties of urine has been symbolized. Formulations made with the help of Mutra are used through various routes, that is, Anjan, Pan, Nasya, Abhyang, Lepa etc., and these are indicated in different poisoning conditions. Thus, from the observation and results just cited, pertaining to eight types of urine given by Ayurveda, we can conclude that the urine of cows and goats possesses major poisonous destructive activity and other kinds of urine are not given much importance, especially in the context of Visha Chikitsa. In today’s context, these formulations are very useful in the condition of cumulative poison, concocted poison, and artificial poisoning. Mutra is used as an adjuvant in various antitoxic formulations, because it helps in proper digestion and absorption of drugs and food material, ultimately leading to an increased bioavailability.


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