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Ayurvedic management of Gridhrasi with special respect to sciatica: a case report
Manju Mohan, Punam Sawarkar
April-June 2019, 7(2):131-138
Background: Gridhrasi is one of the most common disorders of Vata, which closely resembles with sciatica, which is characterized by pain or discomfort associated with sciatic nerve. The prevalence of sciatica varies considerably ranging from 3.8% in the working population to 7.9% in the nonworking population. Contemporary medicine has limitations giving short-term relief in pain or surgical intervention with side effect. Aim and Objectives: The aim of this study was to access the efficacy of Ayurvedic management including Shodhana and Shamana Chikitsa in Gridhrasi.Materials and Methods: It is a single case study. A 43-year-old man who was already diagnosed with intervertebral disc prolapsed in L4-L5, correlated with Gridhrasi of left leg since 7 months approached to Ayurvedic hospital and was treated with Panchakarma treatment including Dashmooladi niruha vasti, Kati vasti, and Patra panda pottali sweda along with Shamana Chikitsa. The treatment was continued for consecutive one month. Results: Symptomatic assessment of patient was carried out after one month and satisfactory outcome was there and overall quality of life of patient was significantly improved. Conclusion: The aforementioned therapy gives symptomatic relief for the management of Gridhrasi.
  4,589 197 -
Role of Ayurveda in the management of Apasmara: A case study
Gaurav Sawarkar, Punam Sawarkar
October-December 2019, 7(4):245-248
Apasmara (epilepsy) is defined by Acharya Charaka as Apagama (deterioration) of Smriti (retention) associated with Bibhatsa Chesta (seizers) due to derangement of Dhi and Sattva. The vitiate Dosha related to the condition are Vata and Rajo Dosha. The main features of Apasmara are impairment in memory or awareness. Even though most of the times, it is considered as Manasrogas (psychic disorders), it is not a Manasroga. Apasmara is one of the diseases, which affects both Sharira (physical) and Manas (mental). A 52-year-old man approached the OPD of Panchakarma department with the impairment of memory in the last 2 years. Earlier he had taken allopathic medicine but he discontinued the medicine due to no significant relief from the adverse effects of the medicines. He was advised with Yoga Basti (enema), Shirodhara (Pouring of medicated oil over head from a distant height), and Nasya (errhine therapy) along with palliative treatment. After 1-month treatment and follow-up, it was observed that the patient was satisfied with treatment and changes in the complaints with improved quality of life. Palliative treatment was advised to the patient for additional.
  3,195 102 -
A review on classical Vajikarana formulations of Shweta Musali
Mujahid B Khan, Bharat J Rathi, Dhirajsingh Rajput, Anita Wanjari
October-December 2019, 7(4):205-211
Vajikarana (aphrodisiac therapy) mainly deals with the promotion of sexual health, healthy progeny, and treatment of male sexual disorders such as premature ejaculation, erectile dysfunction, and infertility. The formulations described in Ayurveda generally contain ingredients of herbal, herbo-mineral, metal, or animal in origin. Musali or Shweta (White) Musali is a potent herbal drug primarily utilized for Vajikaran therapy and indicated in the management of male infertility. Until date, no published information is presented in compiled form on the classical formulations of Musali with their dose and indications. Therefore, in this study, an attempt has been made to compile different formulations of Musali indicated for Vajikarana therapy. This study aims to gather information on various formulations of Musali primarily utilized for Vajikarana therapy. Critical review of various formulations of Shweta Musali is compiled from seven Ayurvedic texts, and the therapeutic efficacy of Musali is discussed on the basis of available data. Vajikarana formulations of Musali were discovered after Samhita period. In the present review, 51 formulations of Shweta Musali are found, which are mainly indicated for Vajikarana. In the formulations of Musali, ingredients such as Godugdha (cow’s milk), Goghrita (cows clarified butter), Khanda sharkara (sugar), Madhu (honey), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera L.), Shatavari (Asperagus racemosus Wild.), Vidarikanda (Pueraria tuberosa), Abhrak, Bhasma (calcined mica), and Rasasindoor (red oxide of mercury) augment the Vajikarana potential of Musali and also help to prevent other complications. On the basis of the reviewed research, it is concluded that Musali-containing formulations claimed significant aphrodisiac and spermatogenic properties, and present review will be helpful for research and pharmaceutical standardization purpose of Vajikarana formulations of Shweta Musali.
  2,665 145 -
A review on Lepa Kalpana: An inherent topical formulations described in Sharangadhar Samhita
Mangesh Dhote, Bharat Rathi, Dhirajsingh S Rajput, Rita Dongre
April-June 2019, 7(2):75-82
Background: Being one of the major texts in Ayurveda herbal pharmaceutics, Sharangadhar Samhita contributes a very significant part in the world of Ayurveda. It is a major book for reference to academicians as well as physicians. It is an ancient text written by Acharya Sharangadhar in fourteenth century. It is divided into three parts, which are called Khanda. The Khanda includes Prathama Khanda (first part)—7 chapters, Madhyama Khanda (second part)—12 chapters, and Uttara Khanda (last part)—13 chapters, that is, total chapters in Sharangadhar Samhita are 32 and comprises 2600 verses. Materials and Methods: In this work, the review of relevant literature of Lepa Kalpana was carried out from Hindi and English commentary on Sharangadhar Samhita by Pandit Durgadutta Shastri and P. Himasagar Murthy, respectively. In Uttara Khanda, 11th chapter is described as Lepadi Vidhi Adhyaya (chapter on topical dosage formulations) and the same chapter was considered for review. Observation and Results: Total 94 types of Lepa formulations are narrated, of which 80 Lepa formulations contain herbal ingredients, whereas remaining 14 formulations contain herbo-mineral ingredients. Most of these formulations are indicated in skin disorder, hair disorder, migraine, abscess management, anti-inflammatory, and so on. Conclusion: Under the heading of Lepa, Acharya Sharangadhar has provided medicament for local application in common skin diseases. There is a huge scope for research as well as drug discovery and development in the context of Lepa formulations such as Stana and Lingavriddhikar Lepa (breast and penis enlargement), Kurandaghna Lepa (hydrocele), and Suryavarta Ardhavabhedakahara Lepa, mentioned by Acharya Sharangadhar.
  2,567 234 -
Role of Khanduchakka (Ehretia laevis) Lepan (local application) in the management of delayed union of metatarsal fracture: A case report
Suraj V Tichkule, Kiran B Khandare, Pooja P Shrivastav
April-June 2019, 7(2):127-130
Background: The application of Khanduchakka (Ehertia Laevis) Kalka (paste) in the case of Delayed-union of metatarsal fracture is an innovative idea. It is a case report having the fracture of 3rd and 4th metatarsal of right foot. Ehertia Laevis is folklore plant locally known as Khanduchakka used in fracture and wound healing in various forms by the tribal people. In the present case it is used as Lepan (local application). Observation after treatment shows that the Ehertia Laevis is an effective alternative treatment for fracture and delayed union of bones without any complications. Aim: To evaluate healing effect of Khanduchakka Lepan in the management of Delayed union of Metatarsal fracture. Material and Method: In this present case report, the patient with Delayed union of Metatarsal fracture was treated with Khanduchakka Kalka used as local application after all the mandatory investigations and its efficacy was evaluated on the basis of clinical parameters like pain, swelling and fracture healing. Statistical analysis used: 1. Universal Pain Assessment Tool i.e. Visual Analog Scale (VAS) scoring for pain. 2. Swelling was assessed by measuring affected foot circumference in centimeters. 3. American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Scale (AOFAS) result was calculated. Results: Patient showed significance results in clinical parameters evaluated. He got partial relief within 2 weeks. Conclusion: X-Ray revealed that there was callus formation and the mal-union was slightly aligned just by simply applying Khanduchakka Kalka over a fracture. Visual analog scale used for pain showed before treatment score - 8/10 and after treatment score - 2/10. Circumference of swelling reduced from 33cm to 29cm. AOFAS score was improved from 38/100 to 79/100 points. Therefore it can be concluded that this intervention not only acts as fracture healing but also relieved symptoms of pain and swelling.
  2,441 102 -
Contribution of Ayurveda for management of paronychia: A case report
Punam Sawarkar, Gaurav Sawarkar
October-December 2019, 7(4):240-244
Nail is an important part of body, which plays crucial role in the beauty of female. A pink and lustrous nail is always equated with good health. Paronychia is one of the clinical conditions. It is a type of nail bed infection. It induces severe ugliness to hands due to chronic recurrent infection, which is generally bacterial or fungal in nature. A single case study showing Kunakha condition, which had resistant to therapy in contemporary science, induces encouraging results after the administration of external and palliative treatment (Shaman Chiktsa). Administration of Ayurveda treatment (external and internal) consecutively for 20 days had yielded good results in clinical symptoms as well as significant improvement in cosmetic view. The Shothahara, Rakta Prasadaka, and Strotoshodhaka properties of this remedy successfully subside the pathological features and improve the normal appearance of nail. Combined therapy, which is planned on the basis of basic principles of Ayurveda, conquers over the condition, which becomes resistance to contemporary established treatment.
  2,357 80 -
Review on role of Agnikarma in pain of various musculoskeletal disorders
Natasha A Rathod, Vaishali V Kuchewar
January-March 2019, 7(1):43-46
Pain is the cardinal feature of most of the musculoskeletal disorders. Pain is the factor for which patient generally approaches a doctor. Pain is defined as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience, which is generally associated with actual or potential tissue damage.” It can affect the quality of life; hence, its preventive measures are of prime importance in health care. In Ayurveda, the word “pain” can be correlated with Ruja, which is caused due to vitiation of Vata. Use of heat therapy for various ailments was found in Ancient Ayurveda treatises. There are different treatment modalities in Ayurveda, which are described by acharyas, Agnikarma (heat therapy) is one among them. Acharya Sushruta has mentioned use of Agnikarma in various disorders such as Granthi (tumor), Arsha (hemorrhoids), Bhagandar (fistula), Arbuda (tumor), Shlipad (filariasis), Antra Vrana (internal injury), and Nadi Vrana (sinuses) in detail. There are different materials that are used, such as Pippali (Piper longum), Aja Shakrut (goat excreta), Godanta (gypsum), Shara (arrow), Shalakha (metal rod), Kshaudra (honey), Guda (jaggery), and Sneha (oil/fat), for giving Agnikarma to various parts of the body such as skin, muscles, blood vessels, and ligaments. As Agnikarma is a parasurgical procedure, Acharya Charak has not described it in separate chapter but has described it as one of the treatment measures in different Vatavyadhis (neuromusculoskeletal disorders) such as Gridhrasi (sciatica). If the drugs such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which are generally used for relieving pain factor in musculoskeletal disorders, are used for longer duration they can cause potential side effects on the body; hence, there is an emerging need to search for a safe option for the same. In this article, an attempt has been made to search the researches conducted on Agnikarma related to musculoskeletal disorders to establish its role in musculoskeletal pain.
  1,903 167 -
Ayurveda interpretation, diagnostic, and probable management of COVID-19 pandemic
Sanjay Kumar
April-June 2020, 8(2):91-101
Viral infections play a significant role in human illnesses. In late December 2019, a previously unidentified coronavirus, named as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2 by ICTV on February 11, 2020), also named as 2019 novel coronavirus, originated from Wuhan, China, and caused outbreak in many countries. Presently, despite the advancement made in immunization and drug development, this virus lacks preventive vaccines and effective antiviral remedies. Thus, identification of specific antiviral medicine is of critical importance. However, classical Ayurveda preparations may play an excellent role in the management of this outbreak. Ayurveda has a unique method of approaching the newly detected disease. Rather than focusing on the microbial etiology, Ayurveda embraces a holistic technique for elaborating the details of the disease at hand. In this paper, we summarize the interpretation, diagnosis, treatment principles, and medicines described in different texts of Ayurveda to treat viral infections.
  1,903 148 -
Ayurveda management of Mutrashmari with special respect to urolithiasis: A case study
Snehal V Bhende, Shweta Parwe
July-September 2019, 7(3):189-193
Background: Mutrashmari (urinary stones) is one among the Ashtamahagada (eight fatal conditions) and is Kaphapradhan Tridoshaja Vyadhi, which is correlated with urolithiasis. It is the major cause of morbidity. The lifetime prevalence of symptomatic urolithiasis is approximately 10% in men and 5% in women. Many treatment modalities have been adopted in medical sciences, but it is quite expensive and also the pathogenesis behind recurrence of formation of stone cannot be avoided. Hence, it is necessary to find out an economical effective, easily available medicine to treat Mutrashmari. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Shaman Chikitsa in Mutrashmari w.r.t. to urolithiasis. Materials and Methods: It is a single case study. A 50-year-old man who was already diagnosed before 20 years approached to outpatient department of Panchakarma with complaints of pain in abdomen and back, which was radiating from loin to groin region; burning micturition; and dysuria. The patient was administered with Shaman Aushadhi. Results: The patient got 80% results in chief and associated complaints, and during and after the completion of therapy there was an improvement in the quality of life of the patient. Conclusion: Satisfactory relief in symptoms was seen in patient after 1 month of Shaman Chikitsa.
  1,946 98 -
Contribution of Ayurveda for the management of Swarabheda: A case study
Manju Mohan, Punam Sawarkar
July-September 2019, 7(3):178-184
Background: Voice is a means of communicating verbal messages, which serves as a powerful carrier of personality and emotional, educational, and social status. Dysphonia (impaired voice production) is a very common ailment, affecting nearly one-third of the population at some point in their life. Hoarseness of voice can be correlated to Swarabheda in Ayurveda. The management provided by contemporary medicine for this condition is either conservative or surgical in nature, which is cost worthy. Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of Ayurvedic management of Swarabheda.Materials and Methods: A 35-year-old woman approached to Ayurvedic hospital with complaints of hoarseness of voice and difficulty and pain while deglutition and talking since 1 year. She was diagnosed with Vataj swarabheda and was treated with Panchakarma treatment including Marsha Nasya with Anutaila and Gandusha along with Shamana Chikitsa. The treatment was continued for consecutive 1 month. Results: Hoarseness of voice was assessed after 15 days with the help of Buffalo III Voice Profile and satisfactory outcome was found especially in the quality and loudness of voice, mental strength, and confidence of patient. Conclusion: The collaborative approach of the aforementioned therapy gives symptomatic relief in Swarabheda.
  1,920 91 1
Management of jalodar (ascites) through treatment principles of ayurveda: A case report
Mukul P Singh, Vaishali Kuchewar
July-September 2019, 7(3):185-188
Introduction: Ascites is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in peritoneal cavity. It has numerous etiological factors, but the most common cause is cirrhosis of liver. It can be correlated with Jalodar, which is one of the types of Udarroga (disease of abdomen). It is described in Charaka, Sushruta, and Ashtanghridaya. Case Report: This is a case of ascites having fullness of abdomen, bilateral pedal edema, loss of appetite, and generalized weakness. The patient was chronic alcoholic and had no history of hypertension or diabetes. He was treated on the basis of treatment principles of Jalodar described in Charaksamhita, such as Nityavirechan daily purgation by using Ayurveda medicines, Strotoshodhan (cleaning of microchannels), and some hepatoprotective medicines. Observation and Result: Patient had complete relief from all complaints such as pedal edema, abdominal distension, and lack of appetite. Conclusion: The positive results of this study motivate to conduct further studies to establish treatment protocol of ascites.
  1,719 65 -
Role of Nitya Virechana and Shaman Chikitsa in the management of Ekakushta with special respect to plaque psoriasis: A case study
Snehal Bhende, Shweta Parwe
January-March 2020, 8(1):57-62
Background: Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin disease, which is characterized by well-circumscribed erythematous dry plaques of various sizes, covered with mica-like scales; according to its clinical features, it can be correlated with Ekakushta. The lifetime prevalence of psoriasis is 2%–3%. In India, the prevalence of psoriasis varies from 0.44% to 2.88% worldwide. Many treatment modalities have been adopted in medical sciences, but it has quite expensive and various side effects. Hence, it is necessary to find out an economical, effective, and an easily available medicine to treat psoriasis. Objectives: The objective of this study was to study the efficacy of Nitya Virechana and Shaman Chikitsa in the management of Ekakushta with respect to plaque psoriasis. Materials and Methods: A single case study: a 74-year-old man was already diagnosed with plaque psoriasis before 15 years. Symptoms such as redness of skin, silvery scaly skin, itching along with burning sensation was gradually emerging so for that he was advised for Nitya Virechana and Shamana Chikitsa.Result: Symptomatic assessment of patient was carried out after three months and satisfactory outcome was there and overall quality of life of patient was significantly improved. Conclusion: Nitya Virechana and Shaman Chikitsa, brought about satisfactory relief in symptoms in patients with Ekakushta.
  1,645 92 -
Preconception care in Ayurveda
Revathy Padmakumar Sindhu, Syamlal Sivaramakrishnapillai
April-June 2019, 7(2):90-92
Reproduction is one of the basic requirements of any species to continue its existence on the universe. Human reproduction includes stage-wise procedures leading to formation of a new individual. Any simple deviation in this finely calculated series of events can lead to the drastic pathological conditions. Ayurveda, the extract of the entire Vedas, dreams about add (good progeny). Human birth process with pre- and post-event knowledge is explained by (Branch which deals with Obstetrics), which is an integrated part of (Branch which deals with Pediatrics). The preconceptional care in Ayurveda was described centuries back to get a disease-free and good progeny by following the regimen and rituals. Recent research shows that each seminal ejaculation in intercourse depletes the body energy of male counterpart, hence to maintain the quality and energy of sperm, (following of celibacy) for one month before (Conception) was planned. The aim of Aharaniyama before conception was to elevate the qualities of sperm and ovum. Garbhadhana and Puthreshti speak about the preparation of mind-set of would-be parents and to evoke a zeal to have a good progeny. Preconception care is an extension of prenatal care to provide optimal health to mother and baby. Thus, this study helps to explore Ayurveda measures to get a Shreyasipraja.
  1,593 139 -
Management of Eka-Kushtha (Chronic Plaque Psoriasis) in Ayurveda: A case study
Sourabh G Deshmukh, Trupti I Thakre
October-December 2019, 7(4):231-239
Background: In Ayurveda, all the skin diseases are explained under Kushtharoga and are classified as Maha Kushtha (major skin disorders) and Kshudra Kushtha (minor skin disorders). In Samhita (classical literatures), it is described that all Kushta to have involvement of Tri Dosha (three bodily humors) but the type of Kushtha depends on the predominance of particular Dosha. The signs and symptoms of Eka-Kushtha (chronic plaque psoriasis) are similar to that of psoriasis explained in modern science. Aim: The aim was to evaluate the role of Ayurveda treatment modalities in Kushtha. Materials and Methods: A male patient aged 51 years presented with the signs and symptoms of well-defined, slightly raised silvery scales over the lower back region, over the both knee joints and hands, and over the trunk region along with severe dryness in whole body, powdery discharge with severe itching, diagnosed it as Eka-Kushta (chronic plaque psoriasis) and was treated with both external and internal therapy, which included Shodhana (purificatory) and Shamana (palliative). Shodhana was given by Sadhya Snehan (proper oleation) followed by Vamana Karma (therapeutic emesis), in which vitiated Doshas (three fundamental bodily bio-elements) are expelled through Urdhvamarga (upward direction through mouth), and Shamana was given by Aushadhi (internal medicine). The total content of Vamana Aushadhi taken by patient was 2800mL and had (Vamana Vega) vomited 10 times (2150mL was output). Results: At the end of Vamana, Pittantik Vamana was achieved. Patient felt notable reduction from Kandu (itching), scaling, and gradual reduction of erythema during treatment. Conclusion: This case study revealed the efficacy of Ayurveda therapy, including both external and internal medications, for 1 month in the management of Kushtha.
  1,579 117 -
A brief review on Luta visha (Spider Poison) & its management according to Ayurveda
Swati Sawarkar, Sonali Chalakh
October-December 2018, 6(4):200-203
More than 40,000 species of spiders have been identified in the world. Spider bites is a common problem among people, however few of them are harmful but delay in treatment can cause death. Since the spider bites are risk full to human, they should be taken seriously, especially in endemic areas. The objective in this review was to study about poisonous spiders and find out treatments of them. Therefore, we collected related articles from PubMed database and Google Scholar. This research article highlights on Luta Visha (spider poison) and its sign & symptoms and Chikitsa as per Ayurvedic classics. Acharya Suhsruta described Luta Visha under Jangama Visha (animate poison) and explained 16 types of luta. In this article an attempt is made to conceptualize spider envenomation according to Ayurveda which will help not only for differential diagnosis of spider bites but also the easy availability of herbal medicine treatment.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  1,320 217 -
Role of Ayurveda therapeutic procedures in prenatal and postnatal care
Sudha Dansana, Sujata Kadam
April-June 2019, 7(2):83-89
Background: Pregnancy and childbirth are challenging events in women’s life cycle. Throughout this journey very often a mother faces several health issues, discomforts, and complications increasing the risk for her life. To deal with this situation, modern medicine usually needs help of different medical and surgical interventions but not all medicines and surgeries are effective. Ayurveda has advocated ample of therapeutic procedures that can take care of the safety of woman during the course of pregnancy and childbirth. Such procedures are being discussed in this article. Materials and Methods: Selected Ayurveda classics, electronic databases, namely PubMed, Digital helpline for Ayurveda Research Articles, National Centre for Biotechnology information, and so on are searched to compile the evidence of such therapeutic interventions advocated during obstetrical management. Results: Shodhana therapy (bio-purification procedures) is strictly contraindicated during pregnancy. However, Panchakarma (five cleansing methods) such as Basti (therapeutic enema), Nasya (instillation of herbal oils, juices, or powders through the nasal route), and other Upakarmas (allied therapies) such as Parisheka (pouring medicated liquids), Avagahana (Tub bath with herbal liquids) are prescribed in the classics of Ayurveda in the context of Garbhini Chikitsa (pregnancy management), Prasava Paricharya (intrapartum management), and Sutika Paricharya (puerperal management). These ancient methods of treatment procedures are advised to be used moderately with pleasant manner. Conclusion: Specific Panchakarma therapies are useful in achieving and maintaining normal pregnancy and enable normal labor. Various Upakarmas facilitate healthy growth and development of fetus, prevent minor ailments and complications in intrapartum as well as in postpartum phase. Hence, Ayurveda procedures appear to be the most effective remedial measure in preventing obstetrical complications, promoting maternal and child health, and lowering maternal mortality rate.
  1,348 147 -
Correlation of Agni with Koshtha, Prakruti, and Mala
Namrata B Chouragade, Deepali M Giri, Bharat C Chouragade
April-June 2019, 7(2):99-103
Background: Agni (digestive capacity) is an important factor for digestion and metabolism in our body. Ingested food is to be digested, absorbed, and assimilated, which is unavoidable for the maintenance of life, and is performed by the Agni. Agni resides and functions in the body in the form of Pitta (a physiological humor). Wellness and illness of an individual depends on the proper and improper functions of the Agni. Hence, Agni is said to be the Mool (base) of life. Materials and Methods: In this study, 60 healthy volunteers were randomly selected, and their Agni, Koshtha (nature of bowel), Prakruti (physical and mental temperament), and Mala Parikshan (stool examination) were examined through prevalidated Case Record Proforma (CRP), and the results were recorded, and correlation of status of Agni with Koshtha, Prakruti, and Sama-Nirama Mala Parikshan was conducted. Results and Conclusion: The result shows correlation of Agni with Koshtha, Prakruti, and Mala type (Sama and Nirama), which is in tune with the principles described in Samhitas (basic text of Ayurveda), and it is evident that Agni is the most important factor for health as described in the definition of health in Sushruta Samhita.
  1,362 121 -
Pharmaceutico-analytical standardization of Yashtimadhvadi Taila prepared from Murchhita and Amurchhita Tila Taila
Ujala P Kale, Anita S Wanjari, Bharat Rathi, Dhirajsingh S Rajput
April-June 2019, 7(2):119-126
Introduction: Sneha Murchhana is a process carried out on fats and oils before subjecting to preparation of medicated ghee and oils. It can be interrelated to refinement of oil, though there is variation in refinement and Murchhana, that is, Murchhana enhances its concentration of high-density fatty acids, increases efficacy of formulation, and decreases rancidity and undesirable color. The standardization of Yashtimadhvadi Taila is not mentioned in Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India; hence in this study, an attempt has been made to establish pharmaceutical standardization of Yashtimadhvadi Taila prepared from Murchhita and Amurchhita Tila Taila. Materials and Methods: For pharmaceutical standardization of Yashtimadhvadi Taila prepared from Murchhita and Amurchhita Tila Taila, Murchhana of oil was carried out as mentioned in Bhaishajya Ratnavali, and Yashtimadhvadi Taila was formulated as referred in Vaidya Chintamani. In analytical study, the samples were subjected to physicochemical analysis such as refractive index, specific gravity, saponification value, unsaponifiable matter, acid value, iodine value, and peroxide value. Observations: Average quantity obtained after Murchhana of Tila Taila was 94.74%, that is, 5.26% weight loss. Total time required for the preparation of MYT (Yashtimadhvadi Taila prepared from Murchhita Taila) and AYT (Yashtimadhvadi Taila prepared from Amurchhita Taila) was 10h and 8.30h with 7.29% and 5.20% weight loss, respectively. The heating process was finished in three days. After Murchhana, increase in saponification value and decrease in iodine and peroxide value were observed. This suggested that the application of Murchhana process on the base oil (Tila Taila) enhanced the properties and stability of Yashtimadhvadi Taila.Conclusion: Yashtimadhvadi Taila can be prepared in three days by heating and maintaining average temperature up to 100°C. Mild heating and constant stirring are needed for medicated oil preparations possessing desired attributes. Considering all the data of study indicates the importance of concept of Murchhana in the therapeutic potency of Yashtimadhvadi Taila.
  1,355 128 -
Clinical management of lipoma with Triphala Kala Basti—A case study
Santoshkumar Bhatted, Poonam Verma, Latika
July-September 2020, 8(3):225-229
Background: Lipoma is the most common type of soft tissue tumors. Patients having more of the cosmetic value than the morbidity and mortality. It appears as a solitary, soft, movable, and painless mass that may remain stationary or grow slowly. The masses are often benign, and while the age of onset can vary, they most often develop between the age of 40 and 60 years. Everyone seeks medical care due to cosmetic reasons. There is no permanent cure found yet. In Ayurveda, lipoma can be correlated with Medoj Granthi based on similar signs and symptoms. The present clinical study is a case report on the lipoma (Medoj Granthi) along with an altered lipid profile managed successfully through Triphala Kala Basti. Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of Triphala Kala Basti in the management of lipoma, lipid profile, and reduction in weight. Case Details: In this study, a patient with lipoma visited the outpatient department of Panchakarma, AIIA Hospital. He was managed here according to Ayurveda principles and Panchakarma therapies. The lipid profile and size of lipoma were assessed before the treatment, after the treatment, and during follow-up. Result and Observation: There is a significant reduction in the size of lipoma, weight, body mass index, and lipid measurement. Discussion and Conclusion: Medoj Granthi is Meda pradhan Vata Kaphaja vyadhi. Drug required is the one which is having property against the vitiated body humors and thus Triphala is selected for the trial.
  1,362 54 -
A critical analysis of Raktadhara Kala in perspective of Acharya Sushrut
Deepali M Giri, Namrata B Chouragade
January-March 2019, 7(1):28-32
Literature of Ayurveda contain a treasure of concepts. Many Ayurveda scholars and experts are continuously working on various concepts. Still the scope of research seems to be unending. Some topics have been studied lesser and Kala Sharir (membranous structures in body) is one of them. Though many people have worked a lot on this topic, we wanted to concentrate on the basic concept of Raktadhara Kala (a fine membrane that lines the blood vessels) and its relation with Mool Sthana of Raktavaha Strotasa (vital component of the Raktavaha Strotasa). We have tried a critical analysis of the concept of Raktadhara Kala described by Acharya Sushruta. The concept is studied in conjunction with the study of histology. A thorough literary study of Samhitas has been done. The histological aspect of the tissues that has similarity with Raktadhara Kala and with the Mool Sthana of Raktavaha Strotasa (a system that is related to circulation, production of blood) was also studied. According to Ayurveda, Strotasa (a system of channels) play an important role in a person’s health. Strotovikriti (abnormality in system of channels) lead to diseases. Kala and Strotasa are closely related. If we could correlate the Kala and Strotasa with the tissues, it will be helpful in diagnosis and treatment of many ailments.
  1,245 134 -
A review article on Manibandha Marma with reference to basic anatomy and biomechanics of the wrist
Deepali M Giri, Mitali R Dabhade
October-December 2019, 7(4):200-204
Marma Sharira is the distinctive concept of Ayurveda. References of Marma (vital points in body) are found in Veda also. Marma are not merely anatomical landmarks but they are also the locations where Tridosha (basic elements of body) along with their subtle forms Prana, Ojasa or Soma, and Tejasa or Agni (vital elements of the body) are present. An injury to these Marma results in various conditions. The subsequent signs and symptoms of these conditions are well-defined in Samhitas. Yet a detailed study is required to establish the facts in context of contemporary science. This literary study was initiated to fulfill the gap. The Samhitas were studied for the Marma-related content. The secondary data are collected from the Samhitas as well as from online research database. Books and online research database have been used to study the modern aspect of the wrist joint. Manibandha Marma (a Marma that is located in the wrist) was selected for the study. Painful wrist is a challenge for health-care providers. Manibandha Marma is a Rujakar Marma and a Sandhi Marma. This study can help the Ayurvediya health professionals to understand the painful wrist with reference to Marma Sharira.
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Pharmaceutico-analytical study of Kampillaka (Mallotus philippinensis Muell.) ointment
Heena Mushtaque Sheikh, Anita Santosh Wanjari, Bharat Jagdishji Rathi, Dhirajsingh Sumersingh Rajput, Pratiksha Pandurang Rathod
July-September 2019, 7(3):168-172
Background: Medicinal plants have curative properties due to the presence of various complex chemical substances of different compositions, which are found as secondary plant metabolites in one or more parts of these plants. In Ayurveda, Lepa Kalpana (local applications) is a widely used formulation in skin disorders and many more diseases. Aim: The aim of the study was to use the ointment in a modified dosage form of Lepa Kalpana as per the need of modern world. Materials and Methods: Ointment was prepared as per the modern pharmaceutical principle using fine powder of Kampillaka along with white petroleum jelly and beeswax as base. Trituration method was adopted for the preparation of the ointment. Results and Conclusion: Brown-colored, non-gritty, shiny ointment was prepared of Kampillaka. Spreadability was 5.3g/cm/s. Uniformity of content was 102%. The ointment was not rancid. Total acidity was found to be 0.14%. Iodine value was found to be 19.82 g. Peroxide value was 6.0 Meq KOH/g. Refractive index was 1.461. Hence, Kampillaka ointment was found to be a best suited form for Kampillaka Lepa when prepared and analyzed.
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Contribution of text Rasapaddhati in the history of Indian alchemy: A review
Bharat Rathi, Renu Rathi, Santosh Pusadkar
April-June 2019, 7(2):70-74
Background: Rasapaddhati is a classical Sanskrit text related to Rasashastra, which mainly deals with metals, minerals, and mercurial preparations flourished during the medieval period to achieve Dehavada (attaining long and healthy life by using mercurial preparations) and Lohavada (conversion of lower metals into precious metals such as gold and silver). Later knowledge of Rasashastra extended to the therapeutic application in various diseases. Rasapaddhati is a fifteenth-century alchemical treatise written by Acharya Bindu comprising the personal experiences of the author in the field of alchemy. Aims and Objectives: This work is a humble attempt to summarize the key features of text Rasapaddhati, its contents, and contribution in the development of Indian alchemy. Materials and Methods: A review of Rasapaddhati was performed on Siddhiprada Hindi commentary by Siddhinandan Mishra and published by Chaukhambha Orientalia in 1987. Results and Conclusion: It is written in Shardulvikridit Chhanda and is completed in 236 verses. The key features of Rasapaddhati include the classifications of minerals, metals, precious stones, description of mercury, and its various processes and 49 herbal and herbomineral formulations with therapeutic applications in various diseases.
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Experimental study on effect of Naga Bhasma (lead calx) on hematological and biochemical parameters
Dhirajsingh S Rajput, Nilesh Mahakal, Biswajyoi J Patgiri
January-March 2019, 7(1):8-19
Background: In recent decade, a lot of concerns has been raised regarding heavy metal content in Ayurveda medicines, especially Bhasma (metallic calx). Naga Bhasma (lead calx) is of the metallic preparation primarily indicated in treating chronic ailments such as Kamala (jaundice), Vatarakta (gout), Grdhrasi (sciatica), Kustha (skin diseases), and Prameha (diabetes). As being a compound of lead, its chronic toxicity study was planned to find out the effect of Naga Bhasma on serum biochemical and hematological parameters. Material and method: Naga Bhasma was prepared by Parada (mercury) and Gandhaka media (NBP) and Vasa Swarasa (juice of Adhatoda vasica Linn.) as herbal media (NBH) in seven Puta (incineration cycles). Chronic oral toxicity study was carried out as per Organization for Economic cooperation and Development (OECD) 408 (90-day oral repeated dose toxicity study). Wistar strain albino rats (Rattus norvegicus) were used for the experimentation. The study was conducted at three dosage levels, therapeutically effective dose (TED) of NBP and NBH was 45 mg/kg body weight of rat, TED × 5 and TED × 10. On 91st day, blood was collected by supraorbital puncture with the help of microcapillary tubes under mild ether anesthesia for estimation of serum biochemical and hematological parameters. Observation and results: Among hematological parameters, significant decrease was observed in MCV (Mean corpuscular volume), MCH (Mean corpuscular haemoglobin), and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration by NBH-treated group, whereas in biochemical parameters, both test drugs significantly increased BSL (Blood Sugar Level), SGOT (Serum Glutamic-Oxaloacetic Transaminase), and serum ALP (Alkaline Phosphatise) activity. Hematological and biochemical analysis indicates that both test drugs (prepared in seven incineration cycles) were not found completely safe, especially at higher dosage where the drug affected renal and hepatic functions. Conclusion: For the safety purpose, it is suggested that Naga Bhasma prepared in less number of incineration cycles may not be used for therapeutic purpose.
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Evaluation of efficacy of Brimhana Ksheera Basti with Guggulu Tiktaka Ghrita in lumbar disc degeneration induced Gridhrasi (sciatica): A clinical study
Jitender Kumar, Santosh K Bhatted, Prasanth Dharmarajan, Abhimanyu Kumar
July-September 2019, 7(3):146-150
Context: Gridhrasi has been mentioned under the spectrum of Vatavyadhi in Ayurveda texts. The clinical presentation in Gridhrasi is very similar to sciatica. Lumbar disc degeneration is one of the common causes of sciatica. Aim: This clinical study was carried out to judge the effectiveness of Brimhana Ksheera Basti (medicated enema) with Guggulu Tiktaka Ghrita in lumbar disc degeneration induced Gridhrasi (sciatica). Settings and Design: This was an open-labeled single arm interventional clinical study. Materials and Methods: Fifteen diagnosed cases of lumbar disc degeneration induced sciatica were registered from the outpatient and inpatient departments of All India Institute of Ayurveda, New Delhi, India, and Brimhana Ksheera Basti with Guggulu Tiktaka Ghrita was administered followed by oral administration of Ashwagandha and Shatavari Choorna. Statistical Analysis: The data were statistically analyzed using paired t test. Results: Highly significant (P < 0.001) result was found in all the assessment parameters, namely pain, stiffness, and straight leg raise. Conclusion: Brimhana Ksheera Basti with Guggulu Tiktaka Ghrita followed by oral administration of Ashwagandha and Shatavari Choorna is an effective treatment method for reliable and successful management of Gridhrasi (sciatica) induced by lumbar disc degeneration.
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