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   2016| April-June  | Volume 4 | Issue 2  
    Online since September 9, 2019

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Critical comparison of Yogic Nadi with Nervous System
Sachin G Khedikar, Mukund P Erande, Deepnarayan V Shukla
April-June 2016, 4(2):108-113
The term “Nadi” is derived from Nad Dhatu in Sanskrit which means to flow something inside a structure. These are said to be 3.50.000 in the human body, of these the principal ones are ten. Among these Ida, Pingala and Sushumna are the chief. Though Sushumna is hidden, along with Ida and Pingala these three Nadis meet at Triveni point which lies at the site of Adnya Chakra behind the centre of two eyebrows. The extensive description of these Nadis is established in Yogic compendia but their functional and spiritual aspects are well enlightened there. In order to identify structures related to these Nadis this study was initiated through literature search from Yogic compendia as well as texts of contemporary science. The Nadis are comparable with nervous system of our body. It is seen that Ida, Pingala and Sushumna shows structural similarities between left, right sympathetic trunk and Spinal cord respectively.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Surasadi Gana Dravya- A review
Meena Shamrao Deogade, Tarulata Pandya, KS R Prasad, Hariom Gupta
April-June 2016, 4(2):114-120
Group of Herbs described as Gana in Samihata and Vargas in Nighantu. Surasadi gana is one out of 37 Ganas mentioned in Sushruta Samhita, with 22 Herbs in it. This article made an effort to review the importance and utility of few Herbs of Surasadi gana. Material & Methods: The literature regarding the drugs of this group, collected from Ayurveda classics. Research articles are collected from published material and discussed in accordance with therapeutic actions. Observation and result: Most of the Herbs in this Gana are with Katu rasa (pungent) and Ushna veerya (hot potency). They are indicated in Kapha diseases, viz. Kasa (cough), Shwasa (asthma), Pratishyaya (cold), Kushtha (skin disorders),Krumi(worm/infection) and Vrana (wound). Conclusion: The Herbs from Surasadi gana even though having many indications in Ayurveda, the specific action is on respiratory tract
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  382 48 -
Randomized clinical trial for the assessment of the effect of Katibasti in symptom Katishoola (lumbar pain)
Prerana Gade, VE Gogte
April-June 2016, 4(2):63-66
In today’s life travelling, standing for long time, sitting in chair & working on computer for long hours has become routine. This life style is the main cause for cervical and lumbar Spondylosis as these reasons directly affect the posture and eventually vertebral column. Main complaint being the Katishoola (localized Lumbar pain), it is necessary to alleviate the pain. Allopathic treatment of NSAIDs has short term effect and there is strong need of effective, safe and long term effect assuring treatment modality. Therefore considering the common occurrence and increasing rate of Katishool, present study was selected for evaluation of effect of Katibasti in symptom Katishoola. Thirty patients of Katishoola of either sex were selected randomly irrespective of the cause and divided into 2 groups. In group A, 15 patients of Katishoola were randomly selected and given Sthanik Snehana & Swedana (local Oil Massage and steam) daily for 15 days. While in group B, 15 patients of Katishoola were randomly selected and given Katibasti along with Sthanik Snehana & swedana daily for 15 days. Improvements were observed on 7th and 15th day. This study showed marked (>75%) relief in Katishoola (lumbar pain) in patients of Group B. Katibasti along with Sthanik Snehana and Swedana was more significant than only Snehanaswedana for Katishoola. There was marked (>75%) improvement in SLR (straight leg rising) test as well as restricted movements in Group B than Group A
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  355 63 -
Concept of Vaidya-Jyotisha to determine the Dosha and Dhatu
SR K Prasad
April-June 2016, 4(2):125-127
Ayurveda and Vedic Astrology are run hand in hand at olden days. The influence of Vedic astrology diminished under the influence of neo scientific attitudes and the astrology was thought as pseudo terminology predictive science. The Vedic astrology vividly discusses various aspects from the time of conjugation and conception till to the end of the life sequentially. The present day derived new diseases are either because of altered seasons and their influences on human being. Thus the concepts of the astrology pertained to the ayurveda are to be studied well to identify the feasibility and utility at present day practices. Here an attempt is made to understand the basic concept of astrology with Panchamahbhoota with Rasa and Dosha relationships.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  342 40 -
Diagnostic approach of Dushivisha in pathogenesis of Alopecia universalis - A review
Amol Kadu, Rupali Asutkar, Sonali Chalakh, Nitesh Shambharkar
April-June 2016, 4(2):97-102
Alopecia universalis (AU) is very severe form of Alopecia areata (AA) which occurs rarely. The exact pathology of AU is still unknown. Various researches stated that, it is an autoimmune disease in which whole body hairs have been lost. As with all autoimmune conditions, toxic elements (xenobiotics) are most often responsible for the conditions to occur. These toxic elements can be toxic heavy metals, pesticides, herbicides, solvents, chemicals of other natures, or the foods we eat to which we are allergic suggesting their important role for the occurrence of such type of pathological conditions including various forms of AA. Though its exact pathology is not explained by modern science, but its answer can be made possible through the concept of Dushivisha. In context of Dushivisha, one bizarre symptom has been stated which can be very much similar to AU which proposes its role in pathology of AU. This paper is an attempt to provide a profound review of the concept of Dushivisha, and its role in pathogenesis of AU.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  308 58 -
Pharmaceutical standardization of Avalgujadi Lepaguti
Bharat Rathi, Renu Rathi, Dhirajsingh Rajput
April-June 2016, 4(2):72-76
Vati (tablet) is defined as the pill preparing from the powdered drugs followed by levigation in liquids media and rolling into the round mass. Lepaguti is for local and external usage only. In present work it has been decided to prepare, analyze and to develop pharmaceutical standardization of modified dosage forms of Avalgujadi lepa in the form of Avalgujadi Lepguti for ease of administration. Standardization of the Avalgujadi Lepguti was carried out in three batches and parameters for quality assurance were also studied. Raw materials such as Bakuchi (Psoralea corylifolia Linn) and Hartala (Arcenic Trisulphide) were collected from Dattatraya Ayurved Rasashala Sawangi, Wardha and Avalgujadi Lepguti was prepared according to the reference of Astang Hridaya Chikitsa sthan Adhyaya 20. Analytical study was done to establish the basic standards for Avalgujadi Lepguti as there is no pharmacopeia standard guideline. Prepared Avalgujadi Lepaguti was brown in color with specific smell of cow urine with average weight gain observed was 5.55%. Analytical findings of present study can be considered as reference standard for Avalgujadi Lepaguti
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  323 41 -
Chemical study on the effect of Shodhana on Toxic Principle of Gunja Beeja
Nilima N Wadnerwar, Shriramji Jyotishi, Ulhas Duragkar
April-June 2016, 4(2):89-92
Inspite of harmful and dangerous effects, poisons are used therapeutically as medicine after shodhana procedure. Shodhana Samskara (process of purification) affects the morphological as well as active part of the crude drug. As these processes are being used since very long time, it becomes necessary to study these changes systematically and scientifically with the help of modern methods, so as to give a scientific base to these processes especially when the drug is toxic. The Shodhan procedure not only purifies the drug but also minimizes its untoward effects. This type of toxicity has been evaluated with the help of pharmaceutical and analytical study of Gunja (Abrusprecatorius) to study purification process systematically and scientifically. In this study, after shodhana of both the varieties of Gunja beeja by Dolayantra using three different media, physico-chemical analysis was done. Colour of all the six samples after shodhana has changed. Reduction of values was observed in weight of samples treated with Kanji and distilled water. Total ash value, acid insoluble ash values & alcohol extract values reduced in all the purified samples. Aqueous extract value of Rakta and Shwet Gunja samples purified by Godugdha are more than the raw samples. pH value after detoxification process revealed some increase though the nature of the solution remained acidic. Conductivity of the solutions of sample treated with distilled water and Kanji, found to be reduced. Thus the study has provided positive effects of Shodhan Samskara to avoid the hazardous effects of the toxic principle.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  308 53 -
Shatkriyakala- A novel concept for conservation of health
Jagruti Chaple, Shital Kolpakwar
April-June 2016, 4(2):103-107
Kriyakala, also known as Shatkriyakala is one of the fundamental concepts of Ayurveda which describe different phases of disease formation in its own unique way. This concept is mostly compared with disease pathogenesis. It is not only limited to disease development but also related with management of diseases. Agood understanding of Shatakriyakala helps to frame public health intervention strategies more especially in prevention of disease. Maintaining healthy status of healthy person and treating the illness of those who are suffering from disease is the principle of Ayurveda which can be achieved by knowledge by Shatkriyakala. Sushruta who is considered as pioneer for Shatkriyakala has narrated detail idea on the subject of Shatkriyakala in 21st chapter of Sutrasthana. Shatakriyakala include six stages viz. Sanchaya, Prakopa, Prasara, Sthanasamshraya, Vyaktavastha and Bhedavastha. These consecutive stages of the pathogenesis of diseases can be decided based on some common symptoms which gives an idea to physician to prevent the formation of disease in initial stages. Specific preventive measures are described at specific stage of Shatakriyakala to overcome complications. Early diagnosis of diseases helps to cure the diseases successfully without much discomfort in planning treatment which highlights the significance of Shatkriyakala.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  299 54 -
Analytical standardization of Mandura Bhasma (incinerated iron oxide)
Dhirajsingh Rajput, Rohit Gokarn
April-June 2016, 4(2):77-82
Establishing qualitative and quantitative parameters of medicines is the major step in developing safe and effective medicines. Analytical standardization is helpful in assuring quality standards of medicines. Such standardization for Ayurvedic classical dosage forms is needed to be evaluated. Incinerated metallic-mineral preparations have significant role in Ayurvedic therapeutics. Mandura Bhasma (incinerated iron oxide) is one of such preparation which is mentioned to be very effective in treating anemia. In this study analytical standardization of Mandura Bhasma prepared as per mentioned in Rasamrita, has been done by using different physico-chemical parameters such as total ash, acid insoluble ash, bulk density, percentage of Iron, X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) . Present study revealed that Mandura Bhasma have total ash 37.61 %, Acid insoluble Ash 38.86 %, Water soluble ash 0.62, Iron (Fe) 41.39% and average particle size 30.83 nm. Mandura Bhasma has iron oxide (Fe2O3 andFe3O4) as major phase.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  284 60 -
Ayurvedic management elderly constipation
Surendra A soni, Anamika S Soni
April-June 2016, 4(2):121-124
Constipation is a symptom not a separate disease entity and generally this term used in broader sense to describe the difficulty in bowel movements. It is reported that the prevalence of constipation increases with age, especially those over the age of 65 years. In elderly patients, the prevalence of constipation is much higher. Likewise; elderly women are 2 to 3 times more likely to report constipation than males. According to Ayurvedic principles, in later span of life or in old age there is relative dominance of Vata dosha in body along with Agnimandya and Dhatukshya. The Ayurvedic approach of management stress on Vatashamana, Vataanulomana, Agnideepana and balancing Dhatukshya with the dietary and life style modifications, Panchkarma procedures like Abhyanga, Swedana, Basti etc. and use of drugs having Vatashamaka, Anulomana, Deepana, Balya and Rasayana properties like Ajmoda, Shunthi, Eranda, Triphala, Bala, Madhuyashti and Giloya.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  276 59 -
Pharmacognostic and physico-chemical study of Shalaparni (Desmodium gangeticum DC.)root
Nitesh Shambharkar, Nitu Dongre, Mohan Lal Jaiswal, Amol Kadu
April-June 2016, 4(2):67-71
Shalaparni (Desmodium gangeticum DC.) is mentioned in Ayurveda belongs to Fabaceae family and is one of the most frequently used herb in Ayurveda. However detail scientific data on Shalaparni root is not available yet, hence present study was undertaken to lay down pharmacognostical and phytochemical standards for Shalaparni roots. Root system of Shalaparni consists of poorly developed tap root. T.S. of mature root shows cork, 3-7 layers of thin-walled, tangentially elongated cells, having a few prismatic crystals of calcium oxalate; cork cambium single layered. Phytochemical screening showed the presence of carbohydrate, protein, saponin, alkaloid, glycosoid and reducing sugar. Moisture content in root of Shalaparni was found to be 6.17%. Total Ash value was 5.16% and Acid insoluble value was 0.8%. Extractive value was 2.00% and 6.04% of alcoholic and aqueous extract respectively. The results of the study can serve as a valuable source of pharmacognostic information as suitable standards for identification.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  285 44 -
Improving the quality of gingival health status of patients undergoing orthodontic treatment through a herbal anti-plaque agent
Rizwan Gilani, Priyanka Niranjane, Bharat Rathi, Dhirajsingh Rajput
April-June 2016, 4(2):83-88
Mouth rinses have been used for centuries for medicinal and oral cosmetic purposes, but it is only in recent years that the rationale behind the use of chemical ingredients has been subject to scientific research and clinical trials .Today’s dentists are practicing in an era where the patients are more concerned about both their oral health and their overall medical wellbeing. Thus, in the midst of growing evidence of the connection between oral health and whole body health, herbal medicines with their ‘naturally occurring’ active ingredients like Triphala offer a gentle and enduring way for restoration of health by the most trustworthy and least harmful way. The present study was done to evaluate and compare the efficacy of Triphala mouthwash in patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment. The study included 50 randomly selected patients who were undergoing orthodontic treatment. Fifty healthy individuals were selected for participation in the study. In group A, 25 patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment were prescribed the Triphala mouthwash. In group B, 25 patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment were prescribed chlorhexidine mouthwash. There was a significant difference in plaque levels between the two groups. In the group A, the mean overall mouth plaque index score was 1.65±0.96, compared to 1.43±0.20 in the group B. The difference of 0.23±0.76 between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.001) which indicates valuable role of Triphala mouthwash.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  266 45 -
Establishment of anatomical pathway for Nasya through dissection
Jayashri Mhaisekar, Vandana sure, Amit Nakanekar, Shweta Ahire
April-June 2016, 4(2):93-96
Nasya is one of the Panchakarmatherapies which is used for Shaman, Shodhan and Tarpan. In this procedure medicine is used in different forms like Churna, Taila, Swarasa and it instilled through nasal opening.Nasya is precious therapy for disorders of supraclavicular region. It also plays a significant role in diseases of other systems like conception of pregnancy, Arbuda, Shukravikar, Vandhyatva, etc,. Nasal opening is only way for medicine to reach the brain. This route is used to stimulate Shringatakamarmaso the desired action of the drug can be achieved. The modern concept about the drug administrated through the nasal route states that the drug is absorbed by the olfactory epithelium which stimulates olfactory nerve this stimulation is further carried to hypothalamus. Hypothalamus is a center for complex neuroglandular mechanism and it is responsible for regulation of endocrine system . It regulate temperature, food and water intake and limbic system. Other way of absorption and transportation of drug is through blood circulation. When nasally administered medicine reaches hypothalamus it is capable of producing effects on endocrinal system.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  267 40 -
Research- Pivoting muscle for promulgation of Ayurveda
Chouragade Bharat
April-June 2016, 4(2):59-62
Full text not available  [PDF]
  170 50 -