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   2016| October-December  | Volume 4 | Issue 4  
    Online since September 9, 2019

 
 
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REVIEW ARTICLES
Unique methods of Swarasa (Juice) extraction in Ayurveda
RK Shingadiya, SB Agrawal, PB Bedarkar, BJ Patgiri, PK Prajapati
October-December 2016, 4(4):230-236
In Ayurvedic pharmaceutics and therapeutics, Swarasa (extracted juice) is described as primary and most potent dosage form. In present scenario, only two or three methods are known and used for extraction of Swarasa. In Ayurvedic classics, there are many innovative methods of Swarasa extraction which is needed to be explored and to be disseminated for better pharmaceutical and therapeutic development of Ayurveda. Possible references regarding methods of Swarasa were compiled from basic Ayurvedic text books and their available commentaries. More than twelve different methods were found in classics for Swarasa according to the nature of material, different parts and form (dry or wet) of the herbs. These methods significantly differ from each other in pharmaceutical processing thus may have different probable biological effects. Hence, juice extracted from same drug with different methods may significantly differ in term of its composition, properties and ultimately pharmaco-therapeutic utility. Present work reflects a great need of scientific inquiry into poorly explored area ofAyurvedic pharmaceutico-therapeutics
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  417 65 -
Garam masala (mixture of spices) for cardiac health: An overview
Sarvade Dattatray, Bhingardive Kamini, Manjula , Jaiswal Mohanlal
October-December 2016, 4(4):211-222
Spices were some of the most valuable items of trade in the ancient and medieval world. Herbalist and folk practitioners have used plant remedies for centuries. In the current set-up, the anti-proliferative, anti- hypercholesterolemic, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory effects of spices have overriding importance, as the global prevalence of diseases like diabetes, cardio-vascular diseases, arthritis and cancer is increasing day by day. Spices or their active compounds could be used as possible ameliorative or preventive agents for these health disorders. Spices are rich in antioxidants, and scientific studies suggest that they are also potent inhibitors of tissue damage and inflammation caused by high levels of blood sugar and circulating lipids. Because spices like red pepper etc have very low calorie content and are relatively inexpensive, they are reliable sources of antioxidants and other potential bioactive compounds in diet. Garam masala is a group of spices having health benefits which is used on daily basis in Indian kitchen. But as per the diversity of culture and tradition of India is concerned, spices used, their number and quantity in the name of Garam masala are different in different geographical regions of India. There is a need to study Garam masala in perspective of spices used, their number and quantity in different regions of the country. Survey study was done in Jaipur (Rajasthan) and Delhi which are the major cities of the north India.This Survey based review outlines the role of spices used in the Indian kitchen by the name of Garam masala for its flavour and taste which have potential to maintain a cardiac health.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  297 53 -
ORIGINAL STUDY
Grahani Roga (Irritable bowel syndrome) - A lifestyle disease and its causative factors with reference to role of Agni
S Shete Arati, J Amale Deepali
October-December 2016, 4(4):188-191
Grahani Roga (irritable bowel syndrome) is a disease related with gastrointestinal tract. In the present era of fast food, irregularity in diet, sedentary lifestyle and tremendous mental stress; psychological factors like excessive work, anger, emotions etc. leads to Agni Dusti (impairment in digestive systemjwhich is called Grahani Dosha. Present work is aimed to study the Grahani Roga and its Hetus (causative factors) with reference to Agni(digestive fire).Participantsin the adolescent age group with classical sign and symptoms of Grahani Roga i.e. Muhu Baddha and Drava Mala Pravritti Apachana, Udara Shoola etc. were randomly selected. Out of all the study subjects, 81.66% subjects were having low digestive power which is suggestive of indigestion. AtiKatu (pungent) diet in 76.66 % was the most common dietary factor causing indigestion. In adolescents, peoples usually do excessive, less or irregular diet and sleep during day time, which leads to Tridosha Dushti mainly Samana Vayu, Pachaka Pitta and Kledaka Kapha. Mental tension and anxiety are also major factors leading to impairment in digestive functions and finally Grahani Roga.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  278 56 -
REVIEW ARTICLES
Physiological action of Sneha Nasya - A critical review
Jatved J Pawar
October-December 2016, 4(4):226-229
Ayurveda has described two fold treatments for diseased condition, Shodhana (elimination) and Shamana (alleviation) Karma. Shodhana includes Panchakarma (five procedures of treatment) which is used to purify the body by removing the vitiated Doshas (bio-energies) of body. All five Panchakarma procedures act specifically on specific Doshas. Sneha nasya (errhine) i.e. administration of medicated oil through nasal cavities is one of Panchakarma procedures which specifically used to treat Urdhvajatrugatavyadhi (diseases of head and neck region) generated by vitiated Kapha dosha. According to Ayurveda, as nose is gateway of cranial cavity, it can provide direct connectivity to cranial cavity and can conveys administered medicine to nose directly to cranial cavity. This is why; Nasyakarma is used to treat diseases of head region produced by vitiated Kaphadosha. Medicated Sneha has lipid soluble substances which gets easily absorbed by mucous membrane of nasal cavity and get easily transmitted to cranial cavity. The anatomical connectivity of nose with cranial cavity has been proved by modern science also. The direct nerve supply from CNS and the rich vascular supply to nasal cavity help to understand probable mode of action of Nasya Karma. Understanding of physiological action of Snehanasya Karma can help us to develop more specific and more effective medicines for various Urdhvajatrugatvyadhi.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  277 51 -
Modified method of Agnikarma
Chintan J Bhatt, Kalapi B Patel, SN Gupta
October-December 2016, 4(4):223-225
Agnikarma (cautery) is very well known and popular Ayurvedic procedure for relieving pain. It indicates as a pain reliever in classics.The condition having severe pain in muscles, joints, tendons and ligaments are treated with modified method of Agnikarma in P.D.Patel Ayurveda Hospital, Nadiad, Gujarat. Instead of hot Shalaka (stylus), flaming cotton swab holdby artery forceps and Arkapatra (Calotropis procera (Linn)) are used for Agnikarma in this method. The point for Agnikarma is decided by finding most tender location on body surface. The point is covered with an Arkapatra, then a flaming cotton swab soaked in sprit is brought close to the cover point and kept on it till patient feels burning sensation on that point up to his maximum tolerance. Care is to be taken about patient sensitivity which should be normal. It is not being kept so long that patient’s skin gets burn. Flame should not come in direct contact of surrounding skin or any other body part.Thus Complications of conventional Agnikarma method can be avoided by modified Agnikarma method without compromising its effectiveness in relieving the pain.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  261 55 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Triphala mouthwash in chronic generalized gingivitis in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment
Priyanka Niranjane, Rizwan Gilani, Bharat Rathi, Sunita Shrivastav, Pallavi Daigavane
October-December 2016, 4(4):196-201
Fixed orthodontic treatment increases bacterial plaque accumulation by providing numerous mechanical retention sites. Lack of proper oral hygiene along with a difficulty in carrying out oral hygiene procedures among orthodontic patients may make them more prone to develop gingivitis. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of Triphala mouthwash in chronic generalized gingivitis patients who are undergoing orthodontic treatment. Patients with fixed orthodontic appliances (n= 150) who voluntarily consented were divided randomly into 3 groups and mouth rinses were prescribed: group 1-Triphala, group 2- chlorhexidine and group 3- distilled water. Plaque index score was recorded at baseline, at 2 weeks and at end of 4 weeks using Quigley Hein index modified by Tureskyand by Lobein et al. The Plaque score reduced progressively for Triphala and chlorhexidine while increased for distilled water. Plaque score reduction was similar at 2 weeks for Triphala and chlorhexidine but was not significant. However at the end of 4 weeks clinically and statistically significant reduction in plaque score was observed for both the mount rinses. Thus Triphala is an effective antiplaque agent and the efficacy of Triphala is comparable to that of Chlorhexidine mouthwash which is considered to be the gold standard and can serve as an effective alternative for chlorhexidine whose associated long term side effects limits its use.Triphala mouthwash can be routinely prescribed in chronic generalized gingivitis patients undergoing Orthodontic treatment.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  236 40 -
REVIEW ARTICLES
Akshi Tarpana A Unique Eye Care Treatment in Ayurveda
R Abhinaya, Sadanandam Ch
October-December 2016, 4(4):237-241
Eyes are very important for Human body. It is proved that 80% of knowledge was gained through vision. In Ayurveda eye related disease is not restricted to eye itself, but it is considered as result of imbalance of Doshas in human body. Vision problem are more common once we grow older and older, hence preventive measures should be taken right from the young age. Today whole world is looking atAyurveda as the ultimate healer for new millennium. Ayurveda emphasizes both on prevention and as well as cure. In Ayurveda Panchakarma is one of the detoxification and purification treatment. Akshi Tarpana (Eye Care Treatment) is a specialized Upa Karma of Panchakarma treatment used to strengthen the orbital muscles and thus improves the functioning of eye. Akshi Tarpana splits into two words Akshi means eye and Tarpana means nourishment, in healthy people Eye Care Treatment is carried out to protect the eyes from degeneration due to ageing process and to improve the eye sight. The therapeutic effect is advocated for patients suffering from diseases of eye. Thus Akshi Tarpana is an excellent soothing, relaxing eye treatment to rejuvenate eyes and surrounding tissues.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  225 47 -
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Comparative screening of intestinal transit time of three available source drugs of Trivrut (Operculina turpethum) in Swice albino mice
Rasika Kolhe, Rabinarayan Acharya, Mukesh Nariya
October-December 2016, 4(4):192-195
Effect of the root barks powder of three source drugs of Trivrut i.e. Operculina turpethum, Operculina petaloidea and Marsdenia tenacissima were carried out on intestinal transit time. 40% Kaoline was administered to overnight fasted Swiss albino mice after administration of O turpethum, O petaloidea and M tenacissima in the dose of 650mg/kg. Operculina turpethum which is official botanical source drug of Trivrut showed significant result in decreasing intestinal time followed by Operculina petaloidea indicating some of the working mechanism as increased in intestinal motility of Virechana drug described in Ayurveda, whereas animal treated with M tenacissima did not produce significant changes in comparison to control group.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  215 51 -
Study on the efficacy of Krishna Choorna with Yog Basti in management of Gridhrasi Vyadhi (Sciatica)
Sonali S Mahajan, Vaishali H Wankhade, RN Joshi
October-December 2016, 4(4):206-210
Gridhrasi (Sciatica) is one among the Vataja Nanatmaj Vyadhi described in Ayurveda. Gridhrasi is a very painful and chronic condition and thus necessitates evaluation of certain clinical therapies which could be safe, effective and readily available, therefore present study was conducted.The aim of this study was to study the efficacy of Krishna choorna (powdered piper longum) with Yog Basti (enema) in the management of Gridhrasi Vyadhi. Comparative study was done in two groups,in one group Krishna Choorna was administered for 30 days with YogBasti. Control group administered Rasna Guggul (Pluchealanceolata with Commiphora mukul) for 30 days with Yog Basti. Statistical analysis showed that treatment with Krishna Choorna and Yogbasti showed significant effectiveness in management of Gridhrasi. In present study it is concluded that both groups showed effect but the total percentage of relief was more in trial group than control group.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  218 40 -
The role of Triphaladi Yoga with Erandmuladi Vasti (enema) in Dyslipidaemia
G Sawarkar Punam, R Sawarkar Gaurav
October-December 2016, 4(4):202-205
Ayurveda is the most popular and most ancient science which is based on the principles of prevention rather than cure. Due to current trend of following faulty lifestyle, there are chances of formation of multiple health issues related to cardiac system which eventually leads to sudden life threatening complications among which dyslipidaemia is the main cause. The present scenario demands the need of early intervention in the form of prevention which contributes with the purpose of Ayurveda. The novelty of system lies in purification (Samshodhan) therapy by which toxins accumulated in the body are removed by different tools. The aim of the current study was to find out the effectiveness of Triphaladi Yoga (powder) with Erandamooladi Vasti in dyslipidaemia. Considering the importance of Shodhana (detoxification) in dyslipidaemia, treatment regime including Erandamooladi Vasti with Triphaladi Yoga as Shaman (pacifying therapy) was selected. The clinical study was conducted in open random trial with a sample size of forty-five, as a case series for a period of 16 days with one month follow up. The effect of therapy was assessed using by doing investigation i.e. Serum lipid profile. The outcome was measured using paired students t-test. The percentage of decreased level of Serum lipid profile in case of Serum Cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL, LDL and VLDL were 16.9, 17.17% ,16.56%, 18.88% and 32.54% respectively. The data revealed that, decrease in percentage of level of Serum lipid profile was highly significant during the therapy which was almost maintained during follow up period. The present study focuses on the use of Erandmooladi Vasti with Triphaladi Yoga orally which was effective in management of dyslipidaemia in minimum duration with long lasting results without causing hazards and which reflects ultimately positive approach towards prevention of cardiac disorders by means of Ayurveda.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
  217 32 -
GUEST EDITORIAL
DNA Bar code: - New approach for authentication of medicinal plant
Kunal A Kale, Meena S Deogade
October-December 2016, 4(4):185-187
Full text not available  [PDF]
  145 46 -
EDITORIAL
Need for re-validation in Ayurveda
KSR Prasad
October-December 2016, 4(4):182-184
Full text not available  [PDF]
  115 31 -