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   2018| October-December  | Volume 6 | Issue 4  
    Online since September 10, 2019

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A brief review on Luta visha (Spider Poison) & its management according to Ayurveda
Swati Sawarkar, Sonali Chalakh
October-December 2018, 6(4):200-203
More than 40,000 species of spiders have been identified in the world. Spider bites is a common problem among people, however few of them are harmful but delay in treatment can cause death. Since the spider bites are risk full to human, they should be taken seriously, especially in endemic areas. The objective in this review was to study about poisonous spiders and find out treatments of them. Therefore, we collected related articles from PubMed database and Google Scholar. This research article highlights on Luta Visha (spider poison) and its sign & symptoms and Chikitsa as per Ayurvedic classics. Acharya Suhsruta described Luta Visha under Jangama Visha (animate poison) and explained 16 types of luta. In this article an attempt is made to conceptualize spider envenomation according to Ayurveda which will help not only for differential diagnosis of spider bites but also the easy availability of herbal medicine treatment.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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A survey study on correlation between symptoms of Pandu and Anemia
Rozina Sheikh, Bharat Chouragade
October-December 2018, 6(4):231-236
2Background: Pandu is one of the commonlyencountered manifestation which is predominantly due to Pitta vitiating Ahar (Diet) and Vihar (Regimen).Pitta dushti (Vitiation of Pitta) results in Raktadushti (Vitiation of Rakta) and the disorder so produced is known as Panda reflecting paleness (colour like Ketaki flower) of the body. Whereas Anaemia is haemoglobin concentration in blood below the lower limit of the normal range for the age and sex of the individual again resulting in paleness and4t may have any cause .Aim : Assessment of correlation of signs and symptoms of Pandu with Anaemia. Materials: Haemoglobinometer and Case Record Form. Method :A Survey study was done on 100 randomly selected subjects from Ramnagar, Mahadeopura, Nalwadi and Snehal Nagar areas of Wardha city. Results: This data obtained is statistically significant with Chi-Square =9.1 and Degree of freedom=3. p<0.05 and shows that Pandu is significantly more common in the individuals with dominance of Pitta dosha. Conclusion: The correlation of Pandu with Anaemia is incomplete, as the signs and symptoms given in Ayurveda are broader and diverse. However many features of Anaemia are seen in pandu. The diet and regimen should be planned according to the age, profession, requirement and Prakruti along with the classical treatment ofPandu so as to get effective results.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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A review of Panchakarma treatment of poisoning with reference to Brihatrayi
Akhilesh Ashok Deshmukh, Nilima Wadnerwar
October-December 2018, 6(4):204-210
Introduction:Poisoning is very common now a day. Toxicity occurs due to environmental pollution that is air, water, soil pollution, also by Sthavara, Jangama and Kritrama Visha. Sthavara Visha includes toxicity by herbal drugs, heavy metals, etc. Jangama Visha includes poisoning by animals or living organisms. Kritrama Visha includes toxicity by packing materials, container material, preservatives, food colour, etc. When these things come in contact with body, it produces toxic effects on body. Some toxins may produce due to continuous use or intake of substance or drugs. Some toxins remain in the body for longertime period resulting in Dushivisha. Aim : To remove the toxins from body Chaturvinshati Upakrama are mentioned in Charaka Samhita. Material and Methods: In the Chaturvinshati Upakrama, Shaman and Shodhan Chikitsa are mentioned. But the treatment which is to be used to save the life of patient is in the sequence of primary Vamanadi Shodhana Chikitsa then secondarily different Kalpas and Agadas that is Shaman Chikitsa are to be used. Vamanadi Shodhana Chikitsais included in Panchakarma. Observations: The procedure can be chosen according to Visha Vega or Visha Adhishthana where the poison is deposited. Different Yogas for Vamana, Virechana, Nasya were mentioned in Samhitas. Raktamokshana is one of the most important treatments when toxins enter in the blood. Some other Karma such as Agnikarma, Dhupana, Lepa, Anjana, Dhumpana are also very useful to treat poisoning. Conclusion: Vamanadi Panchakarma can be effectively used to remove poison completely from the body
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Advanced protocols for in-vivo evaluation of herbal anticancer drugs: A Review
Mujahid B Khan, Ninad Sathe
October-December 2018, 6(4):195-199
Anticancer herbal drug development is based on in-vitro as well as in-vivo screening. The aim ofthis review is to study the advanced protocols for screening new potential herbal anticancer formulations ingested orally or applied locally. New anticancer herbal drugs are either designed for tumor specific targets based on a biological rationale or are generated by large scale drug screening programs. More than 350 tumors, covering a broad spectrum of tumor types. Only the most sensitive & target expressing tumors are selected for in vivo studies .Herbal extracts showing positive effect in-vitro have to undergo in-vivo testing. According to NCI, for large scale in-vivo testing recently Mouse Tumor Homograft, Hollow Fiber Assay, Human Tumor Xenograft mouse model and Genetically Engineered Mouse Model(GEM) are used. For in vivo study, prepared immune deficient species of nude/scid mice, rats & hamsters are used organ wise. In screening of adenocarcinomas of colon and prostate- rats, transitional cell carcinoma of bladder-mouse and rats, papillomas and squamous cell carcinoma of skin- mouse, epithelial & thecal cell carcinomas of ovary as well as squamous cell carcinomas of oesophagus, head, neck-rats and hamster and for ductal carcinomas of pancreas hamster species can be used.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Therapeutic review of Herbo-mineral Preparations with special reference to Tribhuvankirti Rasa
Apurva V Gaikwad, Nilima Wadnerwar, Sonali Chalakh
October-December 2018, 6(4):189-194
Introduction: - Tribhuvankirti rasa is used almost by every Ayurved physician because of its impactful effects. Tribhuvankirti Rasa is used in all types of Jwara especially Sannipatik Jwara and it is also used in Yakrut and Pleeha Vikar and to improve digestion. Tribhuvankirti Rasa is one of the preparations using mortar and pestle. Tribhuvankirti Rasa contains Vatsanabh, which is considered as main ingredients, also called as Mahavisha. Visha Dravya is used in formulations for its potency for the therapeutic purposes. Aim and Objective: - To focus on efficacy of Tribhuvankirti Rasa. Material and Methodology: - Data is collected from related books and articles which have been published in various journals on website and data will be presented in the form of tables. Observations and results: - Most of the drug in Tribhuvankirti Rasa is Katu, Tikta Rasatmak with Ushna Virya, Laghu, Ruksha and Tikshna Gunatmak having Jwaraghna Rogadhikar. Conclusion: - Tribhuvankirti Rasa is effective drug and it is widely used therapeutically and specially in Jwara.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Assessment of Nutritional Status in Children below 5 years of aqe at Isapur
Rucha Selkar, Krushna Chaitanya Patnaik, Premakumar Badwaik
October-December 2018, 6(4):225-230
Health and nutrition are most important contributory factors for human development. The study aimed at assessment of nutritional status in children below 5 years of age at Isapur of Wardha district, Maharashtra. Data for this survey was collected by a structured questionnaire and observation during CHCP from department of Swasthavrutta, Mahatma Gandhi Ayurved College Hospital and Research Center (DMIMS).50 subjects have been interviewed from village Isapur. According to survey, nearly 2 % children are suffering from severe wasting and no children were suffering from stunting. The health of children is linked to their nutritional status in the society. The demographic consequence of the children has formed expression in various forms, such as malnutrition, higher death rate, lower growth rate and lower level of development of children in the physical and mental sector as compared to adolescents and adults. Generally, at household level, cultural norms and practices and socioeconomic factors determine the extent of nutritional status among children. Though the overall assessment of children is good in Isapur and they are getting in sufficiently good diet as per daily needs. Health and nutrition are the most important contributory factors for human development. Countries, undergoing an economic transition, such as nations emerging in the international marketing competition, have to face new challenges in the treatment of nutrition related problem.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Pharmaceutical standardization of Chyawanprash prepared by two different methods
Bharat Rathi, Anita Wanjari, Dhiraj Rajput, Mujahid Khan, Renu Rathi
October-December 2018, 6(4):179-188
Chyawanprash is a well know Ayurveda formulation mostly utilized to enhance immunity and stamina. In modern era, due to huge demand ofthis formulation, its large scale preparation in pharmaceutical industry is done by using machines such as Pulp extraction machine and Mawa frying machine. In Ayurveda text i.e. in tradition method, this preparative procedure utilizes manpower. There is difference in applied force as well as frequency of friction between Chyawanprash prepared by pharmacy method and traditional method. Therefore present work was planned to find the impact of these differences on analytical parameters of Chawanaprash. Quantity of obtained Chawanaprash by pharmacy method (batch B) was found to be 39.70 % more than traditional method (batch A). There was no difference in organoleptic characters of both samples. However physico-chemical parameters such as loss on drying at 105°C, Total ash, Acid insoluble ash, Alcohol soluble extractives, Water soluble extractive and Reducing sugar showed some differences. In HPTLC profile both sample showed absence of Ascorbic acid and presence of Gallic acid in different proportion. Due to frying Ascorbic acid may have hydrolyzed to other form such as L-Gulonolactone and thus not detected in HPTLC. Considering the yield, values of Physico-chemical parameters and HPTLC results, it is concluded that Chawanaprash prepared by pharmacy method is better than traditional method.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Management of scapular dyskinesia through comprehensive approach- A case study
Punam Sawarkar, Gaurav Sawarkar
October-December 2018, 6(4):218-224
Background: Scapular dyskinesia is a musculoskeletal entity in Orthopaedics which result due to alterations in scapular motion and position due to a painful condition in the shoulder .The purpose of this study was to evaluate the comprehensive management with Ayurveda and Physiotherapy for scapular dyskinesis. Material and method: This is a case presentation of a 42 years old male patient with known case of scapular dyskinesia who was treated by using combined treatment principles of Ayurveda i.e. Marsha Nasya(Errhine therapy with Oil), Patrapinda Sweda (Poultice with Leaves), Agnikarma (Thremotherapy) and Shamana Chikitsa (palliative treatment) and physiotherapy (TENS ) for 1/½ months. Observation and result: The patient got 100% relief in symptoms of pain with restricted movement of Right shoulder joint and no recurrence of symptoms till date. Conclusion: Conservative management with basic principles of Ayurveda and Physical therapy provides significant relief and improves quality of life of patient.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Numerical approach towards drugs and their synonyms mentioned in Rājanighantu
Bhargav Bhide
October-December 2018, 6(4):211-217
Rājanighantu is a well known lexicon which was written by Narhari Pandit. There are many specialities of this Nighantu. One speciality is that the author has mentioned many new Varga which are not mentioned in previous Nighantus like Ānupādi Varga, Dharańyādi Varga etc. Another speciality is that the author has counted the number of Dravya in Varga and also counted the number of synonyms used for a drug. While counting the number the author has used certain terms instead of numbers in some Varga. Total 37 terms are used instead of numbers at 108 places all over the Nighantu in 9 Varga. In the present article an attempt has been made to find out such terms along with their possible interpretations. The study shows that author of Räjnighantu was also well versed with the other Shāstras like Gańita and Jyotish other than Ayurveda. The article will be helpful to draw attention of the Ayurveda scholars to study other Shastras in order to understand Ayurveda texts in abetter way
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]
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Early Research Exposure for Ayurveda Undergraduates: A requisite to strengthen Research in Ayurveda
Priti Desai
October-December 2018, 6(4):175-178
Full text not available  [PDF]
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